Viminacijum (1st century) - the Roman city and military camp, is located 12 km from Kostolac, was devastated by Huns in the 5th century, but rebuilt by Justinian. It was completely destroyed with the arrival of Slovenes in the 7th century.
Viminacium was a capital city of Roman province Moesia Superior. The city had 30.000 habitants and was one of the biggest at that time. Thanks to his extraordinary geographic position, the economics was developed, and its citizens enjoyed wealth. In Viminacium there are emperor Hostelian's mausoleum, temples, thermal baths, the north gate of the military camp, an aqueduct and recently discovered Roman pantheon and amphitheater, one of the biggest on Balkan Peninsula. More than 14.000 tombs had been found. In some of them one can see beautiful frescoes representing peacocks, reindeers or horsemen attacked by lions.
Emperor Hostelian was the son of the emperor Traian, who was killed in the ambush near ancient city of Abrutus located in Bulgaria. According to the old manuscript, emperor Hostilian and his mother came in Viminacium to supervise the organization of defense of northern borders, but both of them died of plague. Because of the distance and the fear of spreading the plague, he was buried with all honors in Viminacium.
The remains such as marble sculptures, tombstones and sarcophagus, jewelry and pottery are in the National Museums in Pozarevac and Belgrade.
There are expert guides all year round.
Podeli ovu stranicu sa prijateljima